AY 2021-22: Section 44AD of Income Tax Act- Presumptive Scheme

Presumptive Taxation- To reduce the burden of compliance for small taxpayers, The Government provides for a scheme called Presumptive Taxation Scheme. Under this scheme, the taxpayer is not required to maintain any books of accounts, and their profit is presumed to be a certain percentage of sales.

The following article explains in detail the provision of presumptive taxation for business under section 44AD For AY 2021-22.

Also Read- Tax Audit Limit For AY 2021-22: Know about Tax Audit u/s 44AB of The Income Tax Act

Section 44AD of Income Tax Act

Section 44AD was introduced by the income tax law in order to ease the tax burden on small taxpayers or say, assessee. The scheme aims to provide relief to small taxpayers, who conduct any kind of business, with the exception of those businesses as mentioned in section 44AE.

Applicability of section 44AD For AY 2021-22

Eligible Business:- The provisions laid out in section 44AD covers all types of business except those businesses as mentioned in section 44AE.

Turnover:- The person whose gross turnover is below Rs. 2 Crore can opt for the provision of section 44AD for AY 2021-22.

Assessee:- Under section 44AD following assessee are eligible to opt for this section provisions.

Provided that all the above assessee should be Resident in India.

Must Read- Deduction Limit, Documents & Eligibility: Section 80DDB of The Income Tax Act for FY 2020-21

Non-Applicability of section 44AD for AY 2021-22

  • The profession of legal, medical, engineering, architectural, accounting, technical consultancy, interior decoration, film artiest, or authorized representative or any specified profession notified by the board under section 44AA, because these persons are deal with by the separate section of the Income Tax Act i.e Section 44ADA.
  • A person carrying on any Agency business.
  • A person earning income in the nature of commission or brokerage.

Also Read- Depreciation Rate as Per Companies Act For AY 2021-22

Feature of section 44AD of Income Tax Act

Under Section 44AD for AY 2021-22., The presumed income of the assessee is deemed to be 8% of the gross turnover for the financial year, however, the assessee can claim a higher profit.

If eligible assessee received, any turnover/gross receipts by way of any digital mode, he can claim 6% in lieu of 8%.

However an assessee can claim profit lower than 8%/6%, but in such case, he has to maintain books of accounts as mentioned u/s 44AA of the Act and get them audited as per section 44AB of the Income Tax Act.

Assessee opted for presumptive taxation u/s 44AD will not be eligible to claim any type of deduction/expenses from section 30 to 38 (including unabsorbed depreciation.)

In the case of partnership firm, no interest and salary to partners subject to section 40b are deductible from such deemed profit.

Further, sections 40, 40A, and 43B are also not applicable if income is deemed under this section.

If there is any advance tax liability then the eligible assessee is required to pay 100% of its tax liability by 15th March of the financial year. No other provision of advance tax applicable on such assessee.

The assessee opts for section 44AD, is not required to maintained books of accounts under section 44AA.

An assessee declaring his income as per presumptive taxation under section 44AD of Income tax Act can also claim deduction under chapter VI-A.

Also Read:- Deduction Limit: Section 80D of The Income Tax Act for AY 2021-22

Amendment in section 44AD w.e.f. FY 2016-17

Any eligible person can at any time opts for presumptive taxation u/s 44AD of Income Tax Act.

Moreover, a person can also opt-out of this at any time. However as per the latest amendments, if a person opts out of the scheme of presumptive taxation of section 44AD, then he can’t avail the benefit of this scheme for the next 5 years.

The following chart summarized the above issue amendment-

ParticularsPresumptive taxation u/s 44AD for business
AY 2017-18, 2018-19 and AY 2019-20Opts for Presumptive Taxation
AY 2020-21Does not opt for Presumptive Taxation
AY 2021-22 to AY 2025-26Can not opt for Presumptive Taxation
Section 44AD For FY 2020-21

Note:- In case a person opts out of the provision of section 44AD, he would also be required to get his accounts audited under section 44AB by a Chartered Accountants.

WDV of depreciable assets

If the assessee opts section 44AD then the WDV of any assets of eligible business shall be deemed to have been calculated as if the eligible assessee had claimed and had been actually allowed the deduction in respect of depreciation for each of relevant years.

Also Read- Assessment Year 2021-22: Extended Income Tax Audit Due Date

Frequently Asked Questions- FAQs

  1. What is the Tax Audit Limit For AY 2021-22?

    Income Tax Audit Limit For AY 2021-22: Section 44AB deals with the tax audit limit and provision of the Tax Audit. W.e.f., 01st April 2019 (also applicable for AY 2021-22), the government has inserted a new limit of turnover of Rs. 5 crores and exempts them from tax audit subject to some specified condition.

    Although section 44AB limit is still Rs. 1 crore and 44AD limit is 2 Crore (except specified above).

  2. What is the limit for 44AD?

    The person whose gross turnover is below Rs. 2 Crore can opt for the provision of section 44AD for AY 2021-22.

    Under Section 44AD for AY 2021-22., The presumed income of the assessee is deemed to be 8% of the gross turnover for the financial year, however, the assessee can claim a higher profit. If eligible assessee received, any turnover/gross receipts by way of any digital mode, he can claim 6% in lieu of 8%.

    However an assessee can claim profit lower than by 8%/6%, but in such case, he has to maintain books of accounts as mentioned u/s 44AA of the Act and get them audited as per section 44AB of the Income Tax Act.

  3. Who is eligible for section 44AD?

    Under section 44AD Following assessee are eligible to opt for this section provisions.

    1) Individual Assessee
    2) Hindu Undivided Family (HUF)
    3) Partnership Firms- (Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) do not fall under the purview of this section)

    Provided that all the above assessee should be Resident in India.

    The provisions laid out in section 44AD for AY 2021-22 cover all types of business except those businesses as mentioned in section 44AE. The person whose gross turnover is below Rs. 2 Crore can opt for the provision of section 44AD.

  4. Who can not opt 44AD?

    The profession of legal, medical, engineering, architectural, accounting, technical consultancy, interior decoration, film artiest, or authorized representative or any specified profession notified by the board under section 44AA, because these persons are deal with by the separate section of the Income Tax Act i.e Section 44ADA.

    A person carrying on any Agency business.

    A person earning income in the nature of commission or brokerage.

  5. Who can file return under 44AD?

    Under section 44AD Following assessee are eligible to opt for this section provisions.

    1) Individual Assessee
    2) Hindu Undivided Family (HUF)
    3) Partnership Firms- (Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) do not fall under the purview of this section)

    Provided that all the above assessee should be Resident in India.

    The provisions laid out in section 44AD for AY 2021-22 cover all types of business except those businesses as mentioned in section 44AE. The person whose gross turnover is below Rs. 2 Crore can opt for the provision of section 44AD.

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Disclaimer: The information contained in the above article are solely for informational purpose after exercising due care. However, it does not constitute professional advice or a formal recommendation. The author does not own any responsibility for any loss or damage caused to any person, directly or indirectly, for any action taken on the basis of the above article.

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Compiled by- CA Chirag Agarwal (Practicing Chartered Accountants)

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